Roger Williams and the Creation of the American Soul

History – straight history . . . not my typical reading material, but this tome came highly recommended, by an equally avid reader whose opinion I respect.  she noted Barry’s gift for narrative, how he could take an otherwise dry timeline and tell the story – of nations, government, movements, and individuals.  I’m widely read in the area of evangelical Christianity, and thanks to my current position, I’m immersed in the worlds of politics and law.  John M. Barry’s most recent book, Roger Williams and the Creation of the American Soul: Church, State, and the Birth of Liberty, plays to all three wheelhouses.  But it is a MUST read for anyone who wants to better understand the rise of the ultra-conservative, Tea Party movement, where it comes from and what it eventually leads to.


Narrative is definitely Barry’s strong suit.  He has an especial gift for conveying the nuances of character in just a couple of sentences, and his ability to distill complicated events into clear prose allows the reader to grasp more details than they normally would.  He is the perfect author to take on a subject most Americans think they understand, revealing patterns and truths that have been missed by most.


So why should Americans take the time to read about a period of long-past history thy haven’t thought about since their schooldays?  Because this look back at the earliest beginnings of our nation will bring current day issues and headlines into sharp focus.  What happened at the dawn of our democracy has EVERYTHING to do with today’s Godless Liberal vs Tea Party Patriot dichotomy.


Pick up Roger Williams and the Creation of the American Soul for a clear look at both where we have come from and where we are headed.


Later-Day Cipher by Latayne C. Scott

Twenty years ago, a college professor of mine told my mother, “Stacey never has an opinion, and if she did, she sure wouldn’t ever share it.”  Keeping the grin off his face was an epic battle, one he lost when Mama burst out laughing.  Now, while opinionated, I do try to temper my responses to avoid the clearly offensive, but my sense of the absurd will often color my responses.  You have been warned.

I am a serious and thoughtful Christian, and a lifelong consumer of literature.  Studying for my Master’s in English, I am exposed to some of the finest lit ever written on a daily basis, and I have a limited time for discretionary reading, so I don’t care to waste my time on trite, formulaic, expected writing.  In fact – I simply won’t.  And when I do give my opinion, it will be straight out.  If I wouldn’t read it or didn’t enjoy it, I won’t pass it off on you.  That’s just mean.

Not a big fan of murder mysteries, it is a bit odd how I came to read Latayne C. Scott’s new work of fiction, Later-Day Cipher.  On my morning web-review, I came across her entry on the Novel Matters website, where she is one of the regular contributors.  She was asking for people’s opinions on the trailer for her book, which was a bit out of the ordinary for a piece of Christian fiction.  Since the lack of really excellent Christian fiction is a personal soapbox, and she DID ASK for opinions, I took a few minutes, watched the trailer, and dropped a comment on the blog.

Much to my surprise, and pleasure, the trailer did not scream Christian fiction.  It didn’t scream anything but mystery, and an interesting one at that.  It was something I could recommend to any of my reader friends, Believers or not, something to begin a conversation, not end it, and that is a rare and glorious thing.  To my added pleasure, I received an email from Latayne and she sent me a copy of the book.  I dove in the very night it arrived.

Now, my sis-in-law is a big murder mystery buff, but I am decidedly not.  It’s that aversion to the formulaic that I can’t seem to shake.  And yes, Later-Day Cipher does indeed start out with a murder, but that is just the first layer of the mystery, one that will continue to build long after that initial murder has been solved.  It is with that first murder that Scott introduces us into a world very few of us are familiar with – Mormonism.  The murderer intentionally leaves clues leading directly to the Mormon Church and some of its lesser known facets, clues that will take us deeper into the heart of a mystery hundreds of years old and more complicated than we realize.

Cipher has one thing so often missing in murder mystery/thrillers: an entire cast of complex, interesting characters, not simply an intrepid detective and a calculating killer.  Selonnah Zee, reporter with forensic training, is our pivot point, but she is not the only investigator, and not the only person we can identify with or care about.  She is also not the devout, Scripture spouting sleuth or the jaded, world-weary atheist you might expect.  She’s a woman I could sit down and have coffee with, trying to do her job, care for an aging parent, and actually take a real vacation for once, all while occassionally pondering the big quetions life raises when we don’t have the time or energy to answer them.

During her so-called vacation to visit her cousin Roger, his wife Eliza and their daughter, she meets several interesting people, all while becoming involved in a murder investigation.  In the years since leaving their home, Roger has converted to Mormonism, finding the forgiveness, purpose and belonging there that he so desperately needed.  Also Mormon is the young detective Luke Taylor who was raised in a polygamous family, but doesn’t feel the need to defend his church that so many others do. There is also Petersen, a no-nonsence police chief with a wife and child, who quotes poetry and misses his parents, who both succumbed to Alzheimer’s before the novel opens.  Other, more minor, but certainly not neglected, characters fill out the cast, all nicely rounded – no cardboard here – and all with varying associations to the Mormon Church.  Perhaps the most surprising character of all is the Mormon Church itself.

Scott is a former Mormon, now a Christian, but she is not an angry convert.  This novel is not an attack on Mormonism, or on anyone who chooses that lifestyle, as she reveals that it is more an entire lifestyle, life system, than it is simply a religious affiliation.  Her depiction of the church and it’s followers is not only fair and balanced, but respectful.  Its adherents are not mindless cult zombies, nor are they malicious predators; they are people who have found what we all want, purpose and comfort and belonging to something bigger than ourselves.  Scott doesn’t hesitate topoint out the questions and inconsistancies in Mormonism’s beliefs and history, but there is no Bible-thumping Christian preaching eternity in hell either.  She simply lets us learn about the religion along with Selonnah.

What I think I appreciated the most was that we find out the identity of the murderer long before the end of the novel, but the mystery, instead of being resolved, actually deepens.  Serial killers typically grow more and more extreme in their atrocities, but Scott turns that on its ear as the incidents grow less gruesome, but more baffling as the pages turn.  And the end – I didn’t see it coming.  Bravo.

I believe this is Scott’s first major work of fiction, and there are some rough bits.  Some of the exposition is clearly exposition, largely because it runs on so long – there is an enormous amount of background needed to fully grasp the significance of what is being done, and that can slow the story down, leaving it feeling a bit jerky in places.  Is this her masterpiece?  No, at least, I hope not.  I want to read more, about these people, and from her in general.  Isn’t that really what we’re looking for in a great read?

Latayne C. Scott’s Later Day Cipher is a mystery beyond murder and a glimpse into the world of Mormonism, but perhaps more importantly, it gives us insight into the human heart, in all its different varieties, as it struggles with the big questions:  What do I believe?  Why do I believe it?  Is there something beyond this life?  Is there something more?  I enjoyed this book greatly, and I eagerly await more.  I will be picking up her next, sequel or not.

Oh, and this is, after all, a mystery, so keep your eye out for the requisite red herring – best I’ve ever seen!